Toronto as a Gateway City

The emerging study of gateway cities in sociology, history, and geography (Price and Benton-Short 2008, 6) reflects the significance of contemporary international migration. “While movements of people across borders have shaped states and societies since time immemorial, what is distinctive in recent years is their global scope, their centrality to domestic and international politics and their enormous economic and social consequences” (Castles and Miller 2003, 2). Based on a review of the research literature, Lisa Benton-Short and Marie Price suggest the following themes are significant for gateway cities: Hyperdiversity: This is characterized by “cities where no one country of origin accounts for 25 percent or more of the immigrant stock and immigrants come from all over the world” (Price and Benton-Short 2008, 15).  Episodic: Immigrant flows can change over time as they are influenced by factors of social networks and economics (Price and Benton-Short 2008, 16). -Immigration policies: “Shifting national policies are extremely important in explaining the changing flows and composition of immigrants to cities around the world” (Price and Benton- Short 2008, 17). Urban policies: Which may encourage or discourage immigrants. Identity: “Most people have nested identities based on different scales of belonging” (Price and Benton-Short 2008, 19). Spatial assimilation or segregation: Immigrant

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Arrival City: How the Largest Migration in History Is Reshaping Our World

By Doug Sanders — Description: From Publishers Weekly: In a globe-trotting narrative alive with on-the-ground reportage, journalist Saunders offers a cautionary but essentially optimistic perspective on global urbanization. He concentrates on the slums and satellite communities that act as portals from villages to cities and, in turn, revitalize village economies. Policy makers misunderstand at their peril these “arrival cities”—London’s heavily Bangladeshi Tower Hamlets, Brazil’s favelas, China’s Shenzhen. Citing the statistical relationship between urbanization and falling poverty rates, as well as historical precedents like Paris (“the first great arrival city of the modern world”), Saunders insists urban migration means improvement overall, and that the arrival city serves as a springboard for the integration of new populations. While the picture of urbanization veers from gloomier forecasts by analysts like Mike Davis (Planet of Slums), it does so by eschewing direct questioning of the global economic system driving much of this migration. Barely addressed are food, energy, and water shortages, or the fact that healthy city growth requires preservation of surrounding ecosystems on which cities habitually wreak havoc. Saunders’s narrative, however, does plead for rational and humane planning within global capitalism to ensure that arrival cities fulfill their purpose and achieve their potential.

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Multiculturalism

— Description: From Amazon.ca: A new edition of the highly acclaimed book Multiculturalism and “The Politics of Recognition,” this paperback brings together an even wider range of leading philosophers and social scientists to probe the political controversy surrounding multiculturalism. Charles Taylor’s initial inquiry, which considers whether the institutions of liberal democratic government make room–or should make room–for recognizing the worth of distinctive cultural traditions, remains the centerpiece of this discussion. It is now joined by Jürgen Habermas’s extensive essay on the issues of recognition and the democratic constitutional state and by K. Anthony Appiah’s commentary on the tensions between personal and collective identities, such as those shaped by religion, gender, ethnicity, race, and sexuality, and on the dangerous tendency of multicultural politics to gloss over such tensions. These contributions are joined by those of other well-known thinkers, who further relate the demand for recognition to issues of multicultural education, feminism, and cultural separatism. — Keywords: gateway cities, global urbanization, diaspora, diversity, cultural sensitivity — External Links:

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Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity

— Description: From Statistics Canada: Information on ethnic groups, visible minorities, the Canadian-born population, immigrants and non-permanent residents, and generation status in Canada (first generation, second generation, third generation or longer) https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/subjects/immigration_and_ethnocultural_diversity — Keywords: global, commission, gateway cities, displaced, diaspora, missiology, missional, demographics, diversity, intercultural, cross-cultural, ethnic profiles, country profiles, language, new Canadians, immigrant, refugee, foreigner, sojourner, alien, migrant, migrant worker, temporary worker, international student

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Faith on the Move

The Religious Affiliation of International Migrants — Abstract: A new report on religion and international migration by the Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life finds that Christians comprise nearly half – an estimated 106 million, or 49% – of the world’s 214 million international migrants. According to the study, Faith on the Move: The Religious Affiliation of International Migrants, Muslims make up the second-largest group – almost 60 million, or 27%. The remaining quarter is a mix of Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, adherents of other faiths and the religiously unaffiliated (those who identify as atheists and agnostics or say they have no particular religion). — Keywords: diaspora, displaced, gateway cities, global, demographics, immigrant, refugee, foreigner, sojourner, alien, migrant, migrant worker, temporary worker, statistics, religious affiliation, religion — Additional Links: Faith on the Move – The Religious Affiliation of International Migrants

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State of Immigrant and Refugee Women’s Status in Canada – 2012

— Abstract: This joint report is a brief summary of some of the major developments in federal policy and practice as they impact on immigrant and refugee women in Canada, covering the five year period 2006-11. — Keywords: demographics, new Canadians, foreigner, sojourner, alien, migrant, migrant worker, temporary worker, diaspora, displaced, gateway cities, global, immigration, laws, social justice, public policy, women —

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Immigrants in the US: A Missional Opportunity

By Jenny Kwang Yang — Abstract: How are local churches responding to the Great Commission opportunity that comes with immigrants, refugees and international students arriving in their communities? That was the question presented at the Church Connection Tour in five cities during the month of June 2014 by Missio Nexus. From their website: “We had a total of 414 people attend the tour. We had a total of 225 organizations represented in the five cities (including churches). Approximately 100 of those were churches; most of the remaining 125 were mission organizations although some of them were colleges/seminaries. We met with fellow pastors, church planters and mission leaders at this one-day event to explore approaches, resources and partnerships for developing church-based ministry to immigrants, refugees and international students. A Case Study provided from the 2014 Missio Nexus tour in Toronto, Ontario.” — Keywords: church development, Missio Nexus, missional, missiology, diaspora, displaced, gateway cities, commission, global, intercultural, cross-cultural, diversity, ethnic profiles, country profiles, evangelism, church, worship, new Canadians, immigrant, refugee, foreigner, sojourner, alien, migrant, migrant worker, temporary worker, international student — Additional Links: https://missionexus.org

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Cedar Springs Outreach to Refugees and International Students

By Almaz Gemechu — Abstract: How are local churches responding to the Great Commission opportunity that comes with immigrants, refugees and international students arriving in their communities? That was the question presented at the Church Connection Tour in five cities during the month of June 2014 by Missio Nexus. From their website: “We had a total of 414 people attend the tour. We had a total of 225 organizations represented in the five cities (including churches). Approximately 100 of those were churches; most of the remaining 125 were mission organizations although some of them were colleges/seminaries. We met with fellow pastors, church planters and mission leaders at this one-day event to explore approaches, resources and partnerships for developing church-based ministry to immigrants, refugees and international students. A Case Study provided from the 2014 Missio Nexus tour in Toronto, Ontario.” — Keywords: Missio Nexus, new Canadians, immigrant, refugee, foreigner, sojourner, alien, migrant, migrant worker, temporary worker, international student, intercultural, diversity, cross-cultural, missional, missiology, diaspora, displaced, gateway cities, commission, global, ethnic profiles, country profiles, language, church development, immigrant churches, evangelism, church, worship — Additional Links: https://missionexus.org

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Cherrydale Baptist Church Ministry to Immigrants

By Ed Grudier — Abstract: How are local churches responding to the Great Commission opportunity that comes with immigrants, refugees and international students arriving in their communities? That was the question presented at the Church Connection Tour in five cities during the month of June 2014 by Missio Nexus. From their website: “We had a total of 414 people attend the tour. We had a total of 225 organizations represented in the five cities (including churches). Approximately 100 of those were churches; most of the remaining 125 were mission organizations although some of them were colleges/seminaries. We met with fellow pastors, church planters and mission leaders at this one-day event to explore approaches, resources and partnerships for developing church-based ministry to immigrants, refugees and international students. A Case Study provided from the 2014 Missio Nexus tour in Toronto, Ontario.” — Keywords: Missio Nexus, new Canadians, immigrant, refugee, foreigner, sojourner, alien, migrant, migrant worker, temporary worker, international student, intercultural, diversity, cross-cultural, missional, missiology, diaspora, displaced, gateway cities, commission, global, ethnic profiles, country profiles, language, church development, immigrant churches, evangelism, church, worship — Additional Links: https://missionexus.org

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Embrace Catoctin: Ministry to Students and Their Families

By Howard Levin — Abstract: How are local churches responding to the Great Commission opportunity that comes with immigrants, refugees and international students arriving in their communities? That was the question presented at the Church Connection Tour in five cities during the month of June 2014 by Missio Nexus. From their website: “We had a total of 414 people attend the tour. We had a total of 225 organizations represented in the five cities (including churches). Approximately 100 of those were churches; most of the remaining 125 were mission organizations although some of them were colleges/seminaries. We met with fellow pastors, church planters and mission leaders at this one-day event to explore approaches, resources and partnerships for developing church-based ministry to immigrants, refugees and international students. A Case Study provided from the 2014 Missio Nexus tour in Toronto, Ontario.” — Keywords: Missio Nexus, new Canadians, immigrant, refugee, foreigner, sojourner, alien, migrant, migrant worker, temporary worker, international student, intercultural, diversity, cross-cultural, missional, missiology, diaspora, displaced, gateway cities, commission, global, ethnic profiles, country profiles, language, evangelism, church, worship — Additional Links: https://missionexus.org

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